The building of walls is becoming an increasingly common phenomenon, and countries in all regions of the world separate themselves by barriers from their neighbors, explaining such behavior with the need to protect borders. However, in order for such a barrier to be created, it is necessary to have an agreement between two countries, which under the norms of international law must ratify the division of land and the designation of the so-called demarcation line. The construction of such a fence must be the result of the consent of both parties. Although in reality, of course, this is not always the case.
In 2015, when the Hungarian government was preparing laws to create a border sluice as soon as possible, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucsichi said with indignation that his country will not build walls, will not close itself off, and “will not live in Auschwitz.” And he kept his word. Building walls is purely an independent decision of individual countries. It is often accepted internationally, including by the citizens of a given country. It depends on the degree of fascization of a country and the social and political moods prevailing at the time of the proposal to build such fences. Moods which are appropriately created by the ruling class.
Walls don’t come off well and are troublesome in terms of image. This is why the European Union is ready to allocate huge funds for specialist equipment to prevent border crossings, such as drones, sensors, and border guard gear, but is reluctant to finance the construction of walls. However, this does not change the fact that such an act is to its advantage when it is done by someone else, in this case by Poland. Therefore, despite the enormous ecological damage accompanying this investment and its totalitarian nature, the EU does not undertake any real pressure on countries which decide to build such walls. On the same principle, it pays neighbouring countries, such as Turkey or Morocco, for using brutal methods to stop migration, which it is unable to use in its own borders due to its declared respect for human rights.
It is of course a well-known fact that people have always migrated, migration is the most natural human process and it would be easier to stop the Danube than the phenomenon of migration.
The development of technology supports the migration processes. However, it also helps to seal the borders even without putting up a physical structure – through electronic surveillance and warning systems. The most popular methods still include erecting electric fences, barriers made of steel and reinforced concrete panels or barbed wire. A special barrier will be built along the Polish-Belarusian border after the government prepared a bill, President Andrzej Duda signed it, and the legislation came into force. Poland has not asked Belarus for permission to build the fence and has not ratified any bilateral agreements. However, it does not seem realistic that the walls will make people abandon their plans to migrate along this section. Although the wall will certainly add to the danger of loss of life or health when people attempt to cross it.